LXD networking: lxdbr0 explained
Recently, LXD stopped depending on lxc, and thus moved to using its own bridge, called
lxdbr0 behaves significantly differently than
lxcbr0: it is ipv6 link local only by default (i.e. there is no ipv4 or ipv6 subnet configured by default), and only HTTP traffic is proxied over the network. This means that e.g. you can't SSH to your LXD containers with the default configuration of lxdbr0.
The motivation for this change mostly to avoid picking subnets for users, because this can cause breakage, and have users pick their own subnets. Previously, the script that set up
lxcbr0 looked around on the host's network, and picked the first 10.0.*.1 address for the bridge that was available. Of course, in some cases (e.g. networks which weren't visible at the time of bridge creation) this can break routing for users' networks.
So, if you want to have parity with
lxcbr0, you'll need to configure the bridge yourself. There are a few ways to do this. For a step by step walkthrough of just configuring the bridge, simply do:
sudo dpkg-reconfigure -p medium lxd
And answer the questions however you like. If you've never configured LXD at all (and e.g. want to use a fancy filesystem like ZFS), try:
sudo lxd init
Which will configure all of LXD (both the filesystem and
lxdbr0). Finally, you can edit the file
/etc/default/lxd-bridge and then do a:
sudo service lxd-bridge stop && sudo service lxd restart
For feature parity with
lxcbr0, you can use something like the following (note the 10.0.4.*, so as not to conflict with
# Whether to setup a new bridge or use an existing one USE_LXD_BRIDGE="true" # Bridge name # This is still used even if USE_LXD_BRIDGE is set to false # set to an empty value to fully disable LXD_BRIDGE="lxdbr0" # Path to an extra dnsmasq configuration file LXD_CONFILE="" # DNS domain for the bridge LXD_DOMAIN="lxd" # IPv4 ## IPv4 address (e.g. 10.0.4.1) LXD_IPV4_ADDR="10.0.4.1" ## IPv4 netmask (e.g. 255.255.255.0) LXD_IPV4_NETMASK="255.255.255.0" ## IPv4 network (e.g. 10.0.4.0/24) LXD_IPV4_NETWORK="10.0.4.1/24" ## IPv4 DHCP range (e.g. 10.0.4.2,10.0.4.254) LXD_IPV4_DHCP_RANGE="10.0.4.2,10.0.4.254" ## IPv4 DHCP number of hosts (e.g. 250) LXD_IPV4_DHCP_MAX="253" ## NAT IPv4 traffic LXD_IPV4_NAT="true" # IPv6 ## IPv6 address (e.g. 2001:470:b368:4242::1) LXD_IPV6_ADDR="" ## IPv6 CIDR mask (e.g. 64) LXD_IPV6_MASK="" ## IPv6 network (e.g. 2001:470:b368:4242::/64) LXD_IPV6_NETWORK="" ## NAT IPv6 traffic LXD_IPV6_NAT="false" # Run a minimal HTTP PROXY server LXD_IPV6_PROXY="false"
And that's it! That's all you need to do to configure
Sometimes, though, you don't really want your containers to live on a separate network than the host because you want to ssh to them directly or something. There are a few ways to accomplish this, the simplest is with macvlan:
lxc profile device set default eth0 parent eth0 lxc profile device set default eth0 nictype macvlan
Another way to do this is by adding another bridge which is bridged onto your main NIC. You'll need to edit your
/etc/network/interfaces.d/eth0.cfg to look like this:
# The primary network interface auto eth0 iface eth0 inet manual # note the manual here
And then add a bridge by creating
/etc/network/interfaces.d/containerbr.cfg with the contents:
auto containerbr iface containerbr inet dhcp bridge_ports eth0
Finally, you'll need to change the default lxd profile to use your new bridge:
lxc profile device set default eth0 parent containerbr
networking service (which if you do it over ssh, may boot you :), and away you go. If you want some of your containers to be on one bridge, and some on the other, you can use different profiles to accomplish this.